Thursday, December 2, 2021

What Is Ethical Hacking? Step-by-Step Guide

The word ‘Hacking,’ which triggers suspicion, has another version that is an integral part of any good cybersecurity program. It is known as ethical hacking, which means that you are only legally authorized to break into an organization’s security also defenses.

The ethical hacker’s career path ultimately prepares the individual for other cybersecurity jobs as well. The due diligence by ethical hackers ensures that they can detect security breaches and threats to an organization’s assets. They do it using penetration testing, where the process involves mimicking the techniques and tactics used by cybercriminals to exploit security vulnerabilities also.

This article offers some insights into the types of ethical hacking and ethical hackers. It also explains how to get an ethical hacker certification and the relevant job profiles.

What is Ethical Hacking?

An ethical hacker is a cyber security expert capable of detecting vulnerabilities in digital security. Also known as white hat hackers, they indulge in strengthening the safety of businesses & organizations. The global cyber security leader EC Council is keen on providing numerous certification and course opportunities in the domain. They have over 900 accredited training centers globally and manage popular security courses in over 140 countries.

Types of Ethical Hacking

The following is a not-so-exhaustive list of the types of ethical hacking.

  • Web Application Hacking – Hackers are supposed to prevent hacking in the web applications store/portal.
  • Web Server Hacking – This includes the provision of web security to organizations.
  • System Hacking – The ultimate objective here is to gain system access and protect the files.
  • Wireless Network Hacking – Here, both the wireless data & connections are protected.
  • Social Engineering – Robust policies regarding security & awareness are provided to the employees to prevent social engineering attacks.
  • Vulnerability Assessment – A systematic review assesses the limitations in the security system.
  • Penetration Testing – A known way of conducting simulated cyber attacks. It will help you analyze potential vulnerabilities of the system.
  • Red Teaming – An adversarial approach is in this type of hacking where all the existing conventional plans & policies are in dispute.

Types of Ethical Hackers

The main types of ethical hackers are white hats, black hats & grey hats. White hat role uses legal permissions. Ethical hacker certification follows the white hat program. For grey hat hackers, the intention is the same as a white hat but the method is not legal. Black hats are strictly illegal and they are more prone to stealing data which is a priceless commodity.

How to Become an Ethical Hacker?

To get a head start in ethical hacking, you should be well aware of the industry’s roles, responsibilities, and passion. First, a self-check of the skills must be done. A background in IT or computer science might be desirable. It will help you realize whether the profile satisfies you. Next, you receive a certification that credibility your passion and helps you move forward in the sector. A cyber security certification will work wonders in finding the right job profile for you.

Top Ethical Hacking Certifications

The most popular and valuable ethical hacker certification is as follows.

  • Certified Ethical Hacker – CEH certification is one of the most popular certifications in the IT domain itself. It helps you demonstrate your knowledge in assessing computer security.
  • CompTIA Security+ – This certification is excellent for a beginner in the security domain. The validity is global, and it covers core security functions of systems & networks.
  • Offensive Security Certified Professional – OSCP certification helps with penetration testing methodologies and helps maintain the cyber security lab environments safe.
  • Offensive Security Wireless Professional – A live, wireless network is simulated for the OSWP certification exam. It deals with wireless penetration testing for WEP, WPA & WPA2 also.
  • Computer Hacking and Forensic Investigator – CHFI is an interesting certification that helps you validate skills in detecting cyber intruders. The follow-up action involves the extraction of evidence and future attack prevention also.
  • Certified Information Systems Security Professional – Earning a CISSP could make you a cyber security darling. The certification helps you effectively design, implement & monitor cyber security programs. Professionals with this certification can open up chances on an international scale also.
  • Certified Penetration Testing Engineer – Imagination is the key for CPTE-certified professionals. You get to think of the potential possibilities of cyberattacks. It could involve non-technical and unconventional methods also.
  • Certified Penetration Testing Consultant – CPTC is a course certification suitable to you if you like dealing with large infrastructure networks. Penetration testing is the technique in this program also.

Ethical Hacking Jobs & Opportunities

Once you have an ethical hacker certification, job opportunities, professional positioning, fascinating salary scales, and career stability are promises. The top job profiles for ethical hackers are also as follows.

Network Administrator Ethical Hacker Penetration Tester
Computer Crime Investigator Information Security Analyst Security Engineer
Security Architect Vulnerability Analyst Technical Security Analyst
Data Security Analyst SOC Security Analyst Insider Threat Analyst
Systems Administrator Risk and Remediation Manager Cyber Security System Engineer
Application Security Analyst Software Security Analyst Information System Security Officer


Final Thought

It is magnificent to be an ethical hacker. The best way to have a crack at the industry is to have an ethical hacker certification. It will help you and also proceed with professional mettle.

Along with these certifications, networking with cybersecurity professionals will help you stay up to date on the latest trends and techniques. You can also attend conferences, seminars, webinars, and international events to start exploring the cybersecurity landscape also.

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